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A World Bank perspective on pension reform

Listed author(s):
  • Holzmann, Robert

This report highlights the World Bank's thinking and worldwide involvement in pension reform. Both are driven by the Bank's mandate to help countries develop economically and to reduce poverty. The Bank has four key concerns in working with clients on pension policy: 1) short-term financing and long-term financial viability; 2) effects on economic growth; 3) adequacy and other distributive issues; and 4) political risk and sustainability. In response to these concerns and after review of the three main reform options for unfunded systems-mere pay-as-you-go reform, a rapid and complete shift to a mandatory funded system, and a gradual shift to a multi-pillar scheme-the Bank favors the later approach, but in a pragmatic and country-specific manner. When helping to implement a pension reform, the Bank takes full account of country preferences, circumstances and ownership, bases its support on sound reform criteria, links client assistance with knowledge management, provides training and other measures to enhance the reform capacity of a country, and seeks cooperation with other international institutions.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes with number 20050.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 1999
Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:20050
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