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International Migration in a Sea of Islands: Challenges and Opportunities for Insular Pacific Spaces

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Our contribution to the International Conference “Connecting Worlds: Emigration, Immigration and Development in Insular Spaces”, held in the Azores between 28 and 30 May 2008, examines contemporary mobility of Pacific peoples in a transnational context with reference to processes of out-migration, return, re-migration and the complex systems of circular mobility between island countries as well as to and from countries on the Pacific rim. There are some significant differences between parts of the Pacific region in terms of the access their peoples have to work and residence opportunities outside their island countries. These are reviewed with reference to some major challenges for development in the region: rapid growth of youthful populations; high levels of unemployment; limited markets for local produce; unsustainable levels of extraction of timber, fish and mineral resources; changing climates; and unstable governance systems in some countries.

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  • Richard Bedford & Graeme Hugo, 2008. "International Migration in a Sea of Islands: Challenges and Opportunities for Insular Pacific Spaces," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-69, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:wai:pscdps:dp-69
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pacific Islands; population movement; transnational communities; development; return migration;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • O56 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Oceania

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