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A Test of the Strategic Effect of Basel II Operational Risk Requirements on Banks

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  • Carolyn Currie

Abstract

Most problematic of the Basel II capital adequacy requirements is the subset of Pillar I, requiring provision for operational risk (OR) as distinct from credit and market risk. Previous tests of the strategic effect of this new regulation from three prior Quality Impact Studies (QIS) conducted in G10 countries under the guidance of the Bank for International Settlements, have concluded that OR requirements poses difficulties of definition, implementation, and strategic planning. Anticipated strategic effects include dramatic changes to product development, investment and asset mix, as well as the necessity to rapidly develop new risk rating models and techniques, together with vastly expanded internal and external audit compliance routines. Unlike QIS1, 2 and 3, QIS4 focuses on operational risk, but still has drawbacks. This paper discusses its approach, in view of the ongoing difficulties that banks are experiencing with operational risk, particularly in the construction of a database. It concludes by listing the unanswered questions that have not even been addressed in four studies of the strategic impact of Basel II’s OR requirements. It also suggests that many smaller banks and emerging nations may not be able to use the sophisticated approaches and hence will suffer a competitive disadvantage. Hence in view of drawbacks in the simpler approaches such as lack of correlation of operational risk and revenue, other indicators such as the standard deviation of efficiency measures are suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolyn Currie, 2005. "A Test of the Strategic Effect of Basel II Operational Risk Requirements on Banks," Working Paper Series 143, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
  • Handle: RePEc:uts:wpaper:143
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    File URL: http://www.finance.uts.edu.au/research/wpapers/wp143.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Imad Moosa, 2012. "Basel 2.5: A lot of sizzle but little nutritional value," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 13(4), pages 320-335, November.
    2. Alina Mihaela Dima, 2009. "Operational Risk Assesement Tools for Quality Management in Banking Services," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 11(26), pages 364-372, June.
    3. Gualter Couto & Kevin Medeiros Bulhões, 2009. "Basel II: operation risk measurement in the Portuguese banking sector," Portuguese Journal of Management Studies, ISEG, Universidade de Lisboa, vol. 0(3), pages 259-278.
    4. George Benston, 2007. "Basel II and Bankers’ Propensity to Take or Avoid Excessive Risk," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 35(4), pages 373-382, December.
    5. Andreas A. Jobst, 2007. "It's all in the data – consistent operational risk measurement and regulation," Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 15(4), pages 423-449, November.
    6. Zhuang Cai & Peter Wheale, 2009. "Managing Efficient Capital Allocation with Emphasis on the Chinese Experience," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 87(1), pages 111-135, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    operational risk; Basel II;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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