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Heterogeneous Beliefs and the Performances of Optimal Portfolios

The market selection depends on agent's survival index, which is a function of agent's belief and risk preference. When preferences are identical, the survival index of an agent is a decreasing function of his belief accuracy and therefore agent survives if and only if he has the lowest survival index. Following this result, one maybe tempted to think that an agent is expected to perform at least as good as the market if he survives, and he is expected to outperform the market if his belief is more accurate than all other agents' beliefs. We show that the these statements are false in general. In terms of long-run performance, market outperforms those agents who do not have the minimum survival index in the long-run. When multiple agents survive, we show that no agent can outperform the market in the long-run. In terms of the expected performance, all agents are expected to underperform the market even when they all survive in the long-run. When survival indices differ, the fittest agent with the lowest survival index is expected to outperform the market consistently with any given finite investment horizons if and only if his subjective belief is much more accurate than the other agents' beliefs.

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File URL: http://www.qfrc.uts.edu.au/research/research_papers/rp301.pdf
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Paper provided by Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney in its series Research Paper Series with number 301.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uts:rpaper:301
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Web page: http://www.qfrc.uts.edu.au/

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  1. Elyès Jouini & Clotilde Napp, 2003. "Consensus consumer and intertemporal asset pricing with heterogeneous beliefs," Finance 0312001, EconWPA.
  2. Elyès Jouini & Clotilde Napp, 2010. "Unbiased Disagreement in Financial Markets, Waves of Pessimism and the Risk-Return Trade-off," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 15(3), pages 575-601.
  3. Jouini, Elyès & Napp, Clotilde, 2007. "Consensus Consumer and Intertemporal Asset Pricing with Heterogeneous Beliefs," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/78, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Jaksa Cvitanic & Fernando Zapatero, 2004. "Introduction to the Economics and Mathematics of Financial Markets," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262532654, June.
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