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Determinants of technology catch-up in MENA and SSA countries: a panel data analysis


  • Francisco Serranito

    () (Centre d'Economie de l'Université de Paris Nord (CEPN))


This paper aims at testing the determinants of TFP in the case of a panel of African and Middle-East countries for the period 1970-2010. We get two main results. Firstly, the degree of openness of a country is the only variables that have a positive and robust effect on the TFP growth. Secondly, convergence is not an automatic phenomenon for all countries. The possibility of a convergence effect depends on the ability of countries to adopt foreign technology. The absorptive capacity depends on the stock of human capital and the degree of financial market development.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Serranito, 2017. "Determinants of technology catch-up in MENA and SSA countries: a panel data analysis," CEPN Working Papers 2017-13, Centre d'Economie de l'Université de Paris Nord.
  • Handle: RePEc:upn:wpaper:2017-13

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    More about this item


    Technology gap; Catching-up; Dynamic Panel Data; GMM estimation; Middle-East and North Africa; Sub-Saharan African countries;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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