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The gender bias and children's work: Spain, Latin America and Developing countries in a long run comparative perspective



In this paper we compare several historical scenarios very different one to each other both in institutional and geographical terms. What they have in common is the situation of relative poverty of part of the population. This approach allows us to combine the micro historical analysis (in the Catalan case) with the macro comparative approach in current developing countries. By means of both, the micro historical analysis and the macro regression analysis we obtain the result that adult women’s skills and real wages are a key factor when we want to explain the patterns of children work. While female real wages increased at a sharp rate in 19th century Catalonia we obtain very different results in the case of developing countries. We identify this gender bias as some of the very significant effect of human capital held by women that helps to explain why in some cases children continue to work and also why some parts of the world continue to be poor according to our regression analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • Enriqueta Camps, 2005. "The gender bias and children's work: Spain, Latin America and Developing countries in a long run comparative perspective," Economics Working Papers 892, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jan 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:892

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    Children work; Women's work; Human capital; Fertility; Income inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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