Complementary Policies to Increase Poor People’s Access to Higher Education: The Case of West Java, Indonesia
We see a weakness of the merit-based government scholarship program for students from poor families, Bidik Misi, as most of them fail to meet the minimum academic requirement. This paper provide a policy simulation that compares two programs, private tutoring voucher (PTV) and conditional cash transfer (CCT), to complement the Bidik Misi scholarship to boost the number of poor students to get the support. To this end, we offer a policy targeted for second and third year high school students at public schools. The data sources that we used in this study are the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), the Indonesia Social and Economic Survey (SUSENAS), and some primary data. To choose the best alternatives, we compare the cost effectiveness of both program and we find that the cost effectiveness per student in private tutoring voucher (PTV) is lower than conditional cash transfer program. The PTV program is also more convincing than CCT as PTV could directly influence the quality of instruction. We also check the robustness of the scenario using two one way sensitivity analyses. The sensitivity analyses support our finding that PTV program has more cost effective than the CCT.
|Date of creation:||Jun 2016|
|Date of revision:||Jun 2016|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://sdgcenter.unpad.ac.id/|
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- Mohamad Fahmi, 2009. "The Effectiveness of Private Versus Public Schools in Indonesia: Comment," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200913, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Sep 2009.
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- Victor Lavy & Analia Schlosser, 2004. "Targeted Remedial Education for Under-Performing Teenagers: Costs and Benefits," NBER Working Papers 10575, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Mohamad Fahmi, 2009. "School Choice and Earnings: A Case of Indonesia," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200914, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Sep 2009.
- Mohamad Fahmi, 2007. "Equity on Access of Low SES Group in the Massification of Higher Education in Indonesia," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200709, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Oct 2007.
- Mohamad Fahmi, 2007. "Indonesian Higher Education: The Chronicle, Recent Development and The New Legal Entity Universities," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200710, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Oct 2007.
- Hai-Anh Dang & F. Halsey Rogers, 2008. "The Growing Phenomenon of Private Tutoring: Does It Deepen Human Capital, Widen Inequalities, or Waste Resources?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 23(2), pages 161-200, April. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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