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Recent Changes In The Characteristics Of Unemployed Workers



We examine how gender, racial, and ethnic variation in unemployment and Unemployment Insurance (UI) receipt changed over time inthe U.S. economy and how these changes are influenced by shifts in theoccupational and industrial composition of employment. Using Current Population Survey (CPS) data, we find that, in the past 50 years, theunemployment rates for women, nonwhites, and Hispanics have beenconverging to those of the rest of the population. Between 1992 and 2007, women had the same unemployment rates as men; nonwhites still hadhigher unemployment rates than whites; and the rate for Hispanics wasapproaching that of non-Hispanics. Once we control for industry-occupation differences, women have higher unemployment and UI receipt ratesthan men, while Hispanics have similar unemployment rates but lower UIreceipt rates than non-Hispanics. Nonwhites still have appreciably higher unemployment rates but the same UI receipt rates as whites.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter R. Mueser & Marios Michaelides, 2009. "Recent Changes In The Characteristics Of Unemployed Workers," Working Papers 0912Publication-Status: N, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  • Handle: RePEc:umc:wpaper:0912 Note: Significantly updated in WP 1010

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    1. repec:cup:apsrev:v:68:y:1974:i:03:p:973-988_10 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    3. Stratmann, Thomas, 1998. "The Market for Congressional Votes: Is Timing of Contributions Everything?," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 41(1), pages 85-113, April.
    4. Citrin, Jack & Green, Donald Philip, 1986. "Presidential Leadership and the Resurgence of Trust in Government," British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(04), pages 431-453, October.
    5. Bronars, Stephen G & Lott, John R, Jr, 1997. "Do Campaign Donations Alter How a Politician Votes? Or, Do Donors Support Candidates Who Value the Same Things That They Do?," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 40(2), pages 317-350, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Heinrich Hock & Walter Nicholson & Karen Needels & Joanne Lee & Priyanka Anand, "undated". "Additional Unemployment Compensation Benefits During the Great Recession: Recipients and Their Post-Claim Outcomes," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 881bfec473cb45498e8392657, Mathematica Policy Research.
    2. Joanne Lee & Karen Needels & Walter Nicholson, "undated". "A Longitudinal Survey of Unemployment Insurance Recipients in Two Regions in California," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 982c8e2b780e479ea249e7b05, Mathematica Policy Research.

    More about this item


    Unemployment; Unemployment Insurance; Gender; Race; Ethnicity;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

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