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Diferencias salariales por género y su vinculación con la segregación ocupacional y los desajustes por calificación


  • Alma Espino

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)


This paper analyzes the gender wage gap considering the effect of gender occupational segregation and its impact on those differences and imbalances in labor skills. It also investigates to what extent these mismatches are in turn an impact that collaborates in maintaining gender wage gaps. Occupational segregation is measured and then included as an explanatory variable together with others like those related to job skills mismatches to estimate the gender wage gaps. The results show that segregation is essential to understand the persistence of gender wage gaps (though a substantial portion of it remains explained by sex) and over qualification among women. These results have implications for public policy, stressing the importance of creating mechanisms breaking gender stereotypes that lead to a pronounced economic discrimination.

Suggested Citation

  • Alma Espino, 2012. "Diferencias salariales por género y su vinculación con la segregación ocupacional y los desajustes por calificación," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 12-20, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-20-12

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    More about this item


    Segregation; wage gap; overqualification; underqualification;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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