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El mercado laboral uruguayo en la última década


  • Ivone Perazzo

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)


This paper describes the evolution of the Uruguayan labor market between 2000 and 2010 based on household surveys data (Encuesta Continua de Hogares, ECH). This period covers the 2002 economic crisis, where labor market conditions substantially worsened - employment rates fell, unemployment peaked and real wages sharply fell - as well as a significant recovery since 2004. At present, unemployment rates are located at a historical minimum. Also, since 2007 labor earning inequality started to decline, reversing the upwards trend observed since the mid 1990s. However, there are still some difficulties thar involve challenges for emplyment policies. First, the possible constraints to economic growth thar could arise due to supply constraints that have already been identified prevailing both in previus studies (Perazzo, 2008; CINVE, 2007, for example) and in the recent national dialogue promoted by the MTSS. Secondly, although total unemployment is no longer considered a concern, it still exhibits hight levels for certain vulnerable groups, such as women and youth. Thirdly, despite the significant dynamism in the economy and policies deplodyed to reduce the levels of non-social security registration, the percentage of workers without pension rights remains high.

Suggested Citation

  • Ivone Perazzo, 2012. "El mercado laboral uruguayo en la última década," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 12-01, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-01-12

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bucheli, Marisa & Amarante, Verónica, 2011. "Negociación salarial colectiva: revisión de la literatura y de la experiencia en Uruguay 2005-2006," Estudios y Perspectivas – Oficina de la CEPAL en Montevideo 12, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Guillermo Alves & Rodrigo Arim & Gonzalo Salas & Andrea Vigorito, 2009. "Desigualdad salarial en uruguay, 1981-207," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 09-05, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    3. Ivone Perazzo, 2012. "La negociación salarial en Uruguay: un modelo para analizar sus efectos," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 12-07, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    4. Alma Espino & Sebastián Goinheix & Guillermo Alves, 2011. "La evolución de la demanda a través de la información sobre vacantes. Noviembre de 2011," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 11-11, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mathias Silva, 2016. "TIC y Desigualdad Salarial en Uruguay," Documentos de Investigación Estudiantil (students working papers) 16-06, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    2. Amarante, Verónica & Arim, Rodrigo & Yapor, Mijail, 2015. "Desigualdad e informalidad en el Uruguay," Libros de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 39655, February.

    More about this item


    Labor market; Uruguay; Unemployment; Labor earning; Labor force participation; Employment;

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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