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Les clusters et les réseaux comme fondements de la dynamique d'innovation dans l'industrie biopharmaceutique

  • Marc-Hubert Depret
  • Abdelillah Hamdouch

Pour rendre compte des phénomènes de réticularisation et d’agglomération croissantes des activités d’innovation, de nombreux travaux empiriques et théoriques dans diverses disciplines (économie, sociologie, géographie, management) ont souligné l’importance des logiques de proximité (géographique, organisationnelle, cognitive). C’est dans ce cadre que s’est forgée l’idée que c’est au sein des clusters que se gagne désormais la compétition induite par les dynamiques d’innovation soutenue et de globalisation rapide. Toutefois, en dépit d’une très large diffusion, cette conviction manque aujourd’hui encore d’assise théorique et empirique. À partir du cas de la biopharmacie, cet article cherche ainsi à montrer que si les clusters sont une des conditions permissives du processus de production et de diffusion de l’innovation, ils n’en constituent pas pour autant une condition suffisante, ni même forcément la forme organisationnelle et spatiale la plus adaptée, en particulier dans un contexte de plus en plus incertain et globalisé.

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Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2010-11.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2010-11
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