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Déforestation, Croissance Économique et Population: Une Étude sur Données de Panel

Listed author(s):
  • Théophile AZOMAHOU

Cet article étudie la relation empirique entre la déforestation, la croissance économique et la population à partir d'un échantillon de 85 pays en voie de développement. Nous utilisons plusieurs spécifications d'un modèle de panel à effets fixes avec diverses structures du terme d'erreur. L'étude ne met pas en évidence une courbe environnementale de Kuznets de forme U inversée décrivant la relation entre le taux de déforestation et le revenu par tête. A l'inverse, nous obtenons une relation de forme U. Les résultats suggèrent qu'une augmentation du taux de croissance du revenu par tête permet de réduire le taux de déforestation. Finalement, nous montrons que la pression démographique peut amplifier le processus de déforestation.

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Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2002-06.

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Date of creation: 2002
Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2002-06
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