IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

L'aide aux pays de l'Est: les leçons du Plan Marshall

Listed author(s):
  • Lucrezia Reichlin
  • Alan Kirman

[eng] It has recently been argued that the post-war Marshall Plan experience could be repeated for the Eastern countries now. Against this, recent historical studies have shown that the Marshall Plan was less effective than it has been claimed and should not therefore be used as a justification for economic aid to the East today. We compare the situation of Western Europe at the time with the current one in Eastern Europe from the point of view of the physical states of the economies, the attitudes to economic policy, the problems of internal stability and of external trade and payments. In particular, we look at the process of transition to control-free economies with externally convertible currencies. We come to two principal conclusions. Firstly, while the productive sector of Western European economies was probably already on the way to recovery, this is not true in the East today. The case for aid for reconstruction is therefore stronger than it was then. Secondly, the political will, coupled with a natural economic tendency to reach regional economic integration, allowed Western at the time to achieve a gradual transition to multilateral payments convertibility through the succesful creation of a payments union. However, the conditions for such a choice do not seem to be present Eastern Europe today. However, the alternative route of a direct passage to convertibility is likely to produce an unstable situation there is a substantial external injection of liquidity. [fre] On a récemment suggéré que l'expérience du plan Marshall après la guerre pourrait être renouvelée aujourd'hui pour les pays de l'Est. Il semble toutefois, selon des études historiques récentes, que le plan Marshall ait été beaucoup moins efficace qu'on ne l'a prétendu et que cette expérience ne devrait donc pas être citée pour justifier l'allocation d'une aide économique à l'Europe de l'Est. Cette étude compare la situation économique de l'Europe occidentale à l'époque du plan Marshall à celle

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/10191.

in new window

Date of creation: Dec 1990
Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/10191
Contact details of provider: Postal:
CP135, 50, avenue F.D. Roosevelt, 1050 Bruxelles

Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. DEHEZ, Pierre & DREZE, Jacques, "undated". "Rigidité des prix relatifs, rationnement de l'offre et inflation," CORE Discussion Papers RP 583, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Michel Catinat, 1981. "La production industrielle sous la IVe République," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 129(1), pages 17-36.
  3. van Brabant, Jozef M, 1990. "Socialist Economics: The Disequilibrium School and the Shortage Economy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 157-175, Spring.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/10191. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Benoit Pauwels)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.