Le risorse finanziarie e cognitive del sistema universitario italiano. Uno sguardo d'insieme
This paper aims to analyze the Italian Universityâ€™s physical and human cognitive assets. First we focus on the continuous reductions in public funding (CNVSU, 2011; OECD, 2010) that constrained the Italian university to develop â€œentrepreneurial skillsâ€, in other words due to the lack of financial resources in the public sector significant contractual arrangements between universities and private corporations are now requested (contractual market-model). Secondly we study the humans resources, or rather, the human cognitive assets using the modern definition proposed by Aoki (2010), that represents both the demand and supply of education. This paper ends by offering a consideration on the positive externalities (individuals and social outcomes) due to the investment in human capital (Berger e Leigh, 1989; Grossman, Kaestner, 1997; Buonanno e Leonida, 2009). By pointing out that the results of academic teaching and research activities influence the individual and the society, we expect to have more investment from both the public sector and the private enterprise.
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