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Fiscal Incidence and Poverty Reduction: Evidence from Tunisia

Listed author(s):
  • Nizar Jouini

    ()

    (Doha Institute for High Graduates)

  • Nora Lustig

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Tulane University)

  • Ahmed Moummi

    ()

    (African Development Bank)

  • Abebe Shimeles

    ()

    (African Development Bank)

Applying standard fiscal incidence analysis to the National Survey of Consumption and Household Living Standards for 2010, this paper estimates the impact of Tunisia's tax and transfer system on inequality and poverty and assesses who benefits from public spending on education and health. Our results show that Tunisia fiscal policy reduces inequality and extreme poverty through redistributive public spending. However, the headcount ratio with the national poverty increases implying that a large number of the poor pay more in taxes than what they receive in cash transfers and subsidies. This is due to a relatively high burden of personal income taxes and social security contributions for low-income households.

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File URL: http://econ.tulane.edu/RePEc/pdf/tul1710.pdf
File Function: First Version, August 2017
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Tulane University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1710.

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Date of creation: Aug 2017
Handle: RePEc:tul:wpaper:1710
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  1. Inchauste, Gabriela & Lustig, Nora & Maboshe, Mashekwa & Purfield, Catriona & Woolard, Ingrid, 2015. "The distributional impact of fiscal policy in South Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7194, The World Bank.
  2. Gabriela Inchauste & Nora Lustig & Mashekwa Maboshe & Catriona Purfield & Ingrid Woolard, 2015. "Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in South Africa," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 1329, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  3. Sean Higgins & Claudiney Pereira, 2014. "The Effects of Brazil’s Taxation and Social Spending on the Distribution of Household Income," Public Finance Review, , vol. 42(3), pages 346-367, May.
  4. Gabriela Inchauste & Nora Lustig & Mashekwa Maboshe & Catriona Purfield & Ingrid Woolard, 2015. "Distributional Impact of Fiscal Policy in South Africa," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 29, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
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