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Minimax Estimation of Linear Combinations of Restricted Location Parameters

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  • Tatsuya Kubokawa

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

Abstract

The estimation of a linear combination of several restricted location parameters is addressed from a decision-theoretic point of view. A bench-mark estimator of the linear combination is an unbiased estimator, which is minimax, but inadmissible relative to the mean squared error. An interesting issue is what is a prior distribution which results in the generalized Bayes and minimax estimator. Although it seems plausible that the generalized Bayes estimator against the uniform prior over the restricted space should be minimax, it is shown to be not minimax when the number of the location parameters, k, is more than or equal to three, while it is minimax for k = 1. In the case of k = 2, a necessary and sufficient condition for the minimaxity is given, namely, the minimaxity depends on signs of coefficients of the linear combination. When the underlying distributions are normal, we can obtain a prior distribution which results in the generalized Bayes estimator satisfying minimaxity and admissibility. Finally, it is demonstrated that the estimation of ratio of normal variances converges to the estimation of difference of the normal positive means, which gives a motivation of the issue studied here.

Suggested Citation

  • Tatsuya Kubokawa, 2010. "Minimax Estimation of Linear Combinations of Restricted Location Parameters," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-723, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2010cf723
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    File URL: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/research/dp/2010/2010cf723.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tsukuma, Hisayuki & Kubokawa, Tatsuya, 2008. "Stein's phenomenon in estimation of means restricted to a polyhedral convex cone," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 141-164, January.
    2. √Čric Marchand & William Strawderman, 2005. "Improving on the minimum risk equivariant estimator of a location parameter which is constrained to an interval or a half-interval," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 57(1), pages 129-143, March.
    3. Hartigan, J. A., 2004. "Uniform priors on convex sets improve risk," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 285-288, May.
    4. Tatsuya Kubokawa, 2004. "Minimaxity in Estimation of Restricted Parameters," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-270, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    5. Karlin, Samuel & Rinott, Yosef, 1980. "Classes of orderings of measures and related correlation inequalities. I. Multivariate totally positive distributions," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 467-498, December.
    6. Andrew Rukhin, 1992. "Asymptotic risk behavior of mean vector and variance estimators and the problem of positive normal mean," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 44(2), pages 299-311, June.
    7. Tatsuya Kubokawa, 1994. "Double shrinkage estimation of ratio of scale parameters," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 46(1), pages 95-116, March.
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