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Do Public Subsidies Have an Impact on New Firm Survival? An Empirical Study with French Data

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  • Lionel Désiage
  • Richard Duhautois
  • Dominique Redor

Abstract

This paper deals with the impact of social contributions and tax cuts (which are considered as operating subsidies) on new firms' probability of survival and economic performance. We use a rich matched database of French firms that were newly created in 1998 and that include entrepreneurs' individual characteristics and firm economic and financial variables. We implement propensity score matching models and show that (i) subsidized firms are more likely to survive after the first two years; (ii) bank loans increase the probability of survival, be they subsidized or not; and (iii) operating subsidies allow firms to increase their turnover. However, no significant effects of these subsidies on other performance criteria are found.
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  • Lionel Désiage & Richard Duhautois & Dominique Redor, 2010. "Do Public Subsidies Have an Impact on New Firm Survival? An Empirical Study with French Data," TEPP Working Paper 2010-04, TEPP.
  • Handle: RePEc:tep:teppwp:wp10-04
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    1. repec:nse:ecosta:ecostat_2017_493_2 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Elena Gennari & Francesca Lotti, 2013. "Female entrepreneurship and government policy: evaluating the impact of subsidies on firms' survival," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 192, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Tobias Ebert & Thomas Brenner & Udo Brixy, 2019. "New firm survival: the interdependence between regional externalities and innovativeness," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 287-309, June.
    4. Weißenberger, Martin & Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen, 2013. "The Evaluation of Start-Up Subsidies for the Unemployed and the Role of Unobserved Characteristics for Matching Estimators," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79714, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. Stjepan Srhoj & Bruno Škrinjarić & Sonja Radas, 2018. "Bidding against the odds? The impact evaluation of grants for young micro and small firms during the recession," Working Papers 374, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    6. Egeln, Jürgen & Falk, Ulrich & Heger, Diana & Höwer, Daniel & Metzger, Georg, 2010. "Ursachen für das Scheitern junger Unternehmen in den ersten fünf Jahren ihres Bestehens," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research, number 110531.
    7. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9853-y is not listed on IDEAS

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