Post-Keynesian Perspectives on Economic Development and Growth
As history, institutions, social and political forces specific to any economy have a profound effect on that economy’s dynamics, it is important to understand how these have evolved with the development of capitalism. The classical economists analysed economies with labour surpluses, which kept wages at subsistence levels, encouraging profits and therefore economic growth. Lewis extended this model to developing economies, with the labour surplus coming from the agricultural sector. With growth and development, the labour surplus becomes absorbed into the labour force, eventually leading to upward pressure on wages This is associated with the Keynesian era, where the level of effective demand becomes an important determinant of employment and growth. As a result of further development, competitive capitalist economies have evolved to the monopoly capital stage, where oligopolistic corporations influence the dynamics of the economy. More recently, we have seen the increased prominence of the financial sector, which has both led to and been influenced by globalisation.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Australian School of Business Building, Sydney 2052|
Fax: +61)-2- 9313- 6337
Web page: http://www.economics.unsw.edu.au/
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:swe:wpaper:2012-04. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gabriele Gratton)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.