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Immigration, Business Ownership and Employment in Canada


  • Liu, Huju
  • Picot, Garnett
  • Green, David
  • Ostrovsky, Yuri


This paper provides, for the first time, an overview of immigrant business ownership and the associated job creation in Canada. This research is possible because a new dataset has been created in which the immigration status of business owners can be determined. The analysis focuses on two types of businesses: private incorporated businesses and the unincorporated self-employed. Results are presented for immigrants who have entered Canada since 1980 and who were in the country in 2010, hereafter simply referred to as immigrants in Canada. In addition, two entering cohorts of immigrants are tracked to determine the business ownership trajectory during the first 5 to 10 years in Canada.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Huju & Picot, Garnett & Green, David & Ostrovsky, Yuri, 2016. "Immigration, Business Ownership and Employment in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2016375e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3e:2016375e

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    Cited by:

    1. Morgan, Horatio M. & Sui, Sui & Baum, Matthias, 2018. "Are SMEs with immigrant owners exceptional exporters?," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 241-260.
    2. Yuri Ostrovsky & Garnett Picot & Danny Leung, 2019. "The financing of immigrant-owned firms in Canada," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 303-317, January.

    More about this item


    Business ownership; Business performance and ownership; Ethnic diversity and immigration; Labour; Labour market and income; Workplace organization; innovation; performance;

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