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Retornos a la educación en Argentina. Estructura regional

  • Jorge A. Paz

    (Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE), Facultad de Ceiencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de Salta, Argentina)

En este trabajo se estiman retornos a la educación en Argentina y se exploran algunas hipótesis derivadas del marco teórico-conceptual propuesto por el trabajo de Knigth (1979) y Beccaria (1986), según el cual es importante incorporar consideraciones acerca de la estructura productiva en la cual se insertan los ocupados. Los datos provienen de la Encuesta Permanente de Hogares, modalidad puntual y corresponden al período 1995-2003. La metodología consiste en estimar funciones de Mincer total y por regiones y computar los retornos, tanto bajo la hipótesis de retornos lineales por año de educación, como así también por máximo nivel alcanzado. El resultado más relevante es la relativa uniformidad de los retornos a la educación entre las regiones que se compararon y el diferencial regional en cuanto al efecto que introduce la consideración del sesgo por inserción laboral de los ocupados. También pudo constatarse una disparidad entre géneros en los retornos corregidos por sesgo.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE) - Universidad Nacional de Salta - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Jurídicas y Sociales in its series Working Papers with number 4.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:slt:wpaper:4
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.economicas.unsa.edu.ar/ielde
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