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A Real-Business-Cycle Model with Efficiency Wages and Fiscal Policy: The Case of Bulgaria

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  • Aleksandar Vasilev

    (Department of Economics, American University in Bulgaria)

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the quantitative importance of efficiency wages in explaining uctuations in Bulgarian labor markets. This is done by augmenting an otherwise standard real business cycle model a la Long and Plosser (1983) with unobservable workers efort by employers and wage contracts as in Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984). This imperfection in labor markets introduces a strong propagation mechanism that allows the model to capture the business cycles in Bulgaria better than earlier models. The model performs well vis-a-vis data, especially along the labor market dimension, and in addition dominates the market-clearing labor market framework featured in the standard RBC model, e.g Vasilev (2009).

Suggested Citation

  • Aleksandar Vasilev, 2017. "A Real-Business-Cycle Model with Efficiency Wages and Fiscal Policy: The Case of Bulgaria," Bulgarian Economic Papers bep-2017-01, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Sofia University St Kliment Ohridski - Bulgaria // Center for Economic Theories and Policies at Sofia University St Kliment Ohridski, revised Jan 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:sko:wpaper:bep-2017-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2015. "Welfare gains from the adoption of proportional taxation in a general-equilibrium model with a grey economy: the case of Bulgaria's 2008 flat tax reform," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 169-185.
    3. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2020. "Search and Matching Frictions and Business Cycle Fluctuations in Bulgaria," International Journal of Business and Economics, School of Management Development, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, vol. 19(3), pages 319-340, December.
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    7. Alexopoulos, Michelle, 2004. "Unemployment and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 277-298, March.
    8. Aleksandar Zdravkov Vasilev, 2009. "Business cycles in Bulgaria and the Baltic countries: an RBC approach," International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 1(2), pages 148-170.
    9. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2016. "Search and matching frictions and business cycle fluctuations in Bulgaria: Technical Appendix," EconStor Research Reports 129795, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aleksandar VASILEV, 2019. "Insurance-Markets Equilibrium With A Non-Convex Labor Supply Decision, Unobservable Effort, And Efficiency Wages Of The “No-Shirking” Type," Theoretical and Practical Research in the Economic Fields, ASERS Publishing, vol. 10(1), pages 28-34.
    2. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2018. "A Real-Business-Cycle model with reciprocity in labor relations and a government sector," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 61(2), pages 47-76.
    3. Vasilev, Aleksandar & Manolova, Hristina, 2019. "Wage Dynamics and Bulgaria: Co-movement and Causality," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 91-127.
    4. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2018. "Aggregation with non-convex labor supply, unobservable effort, and efficiency wages of the no-shirking type," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 19-33.
    5. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2022. "Optimal fiscal policy in a model with efficiency wages: the case of Bulgaria," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    6. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2020. "Are labor unions important for business cycle fluctuations? Lessons from Bulgaria," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 10(1), pages 143-161, March.
    7. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2017. "A Real-Business-Cycle Model with Reciprocity in Labor Relations and Fiscal Policy: The Case of Bulgaria," Bulgarian Economic Papers bep-2017-03, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Sofia University St Kliment Ohridski - Bulgaria // Center for Economic Theories and Policies at Sofia University St Kliment Ohridski, revised Mar 2017.
    8. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2021. "A Real-Business-Cycle model with search-and-matching frictions and efficiency ("fair") wages," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 64(2), pages 1-23.
    9. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2022. "Optimal fiscal policy in a model with reciprocity in labor relations: the case of Bulgaria," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1-24.
    10. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2019. "A progressive consumption tax: an important instrument for stabilizing business cycles, or just an exotic idea?," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    11. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2019. "How important are consumer confidence shocks for the propagation of business cycles in Bulgaria?," LEAF Working Paper Series 19-03, University of Lincoln, Lincoln International Business School, Lincoln Economics and Finance Research Group (LEAF).
    12. Vasilev Aleksandar, 2021. "A Real-Business-Cycle Model with Institutional Quality: The Case of Bulgaria (1999–2018)," Review of Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 72(1), pages 51-69, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    general equilibrium; shirking; eciency wages; unemployment; Bulgaria;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

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