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L'impact des transferts publics et des taxes sur la pauvreté au Canada et aux États Unis


  • Paul Makdissi

    () (Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Quentin Wodon

    () (AFTPM, World Bank)

  • Yannick Therrien

    () (Direction de l'analyse et du suivi des finances publiques, Ministère des finances du Québec)


Dans cet article, nous analysons l'impact des politiques de transferts publics sur la pauvreté au Canada et aux états-Unis à l'aide de la base de données du Luxembourg Income Study. Pour ce faire, nous utilisons une méthode basée sur la valeur de Shapley afin de pouvoir attribuer à chaque politique un impact sur la pauvreté qui est indépendant de l'ordre arbitraire dans laquelle on aurait pu la considérer. Nous constatons que la pauvreté est plus élevée aux états-Unis qu'au Canada. Ceci est principalement d\^{u} au fait que les politiques de transferts au Canada sont plus généreuses qu'aux états-Unis. Nous montrons aussi que la principale source de réduction de la pauvreté dans les deux pays provient des transferts vers les personnes âgées.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon & Yannick Therrien, 2001. "L'impact des transferts publics et des taxes sur la pauvreté au Canada et aux États Unis," Cahiers de recherche 03-03, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke, revised 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:03-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cutler, David M & Katz, Lawrence F, 1992. "Rising Inequality? Changes in the Distribution of Income and Consumption in the 1980's," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 546-551, May.
    2. Rebecca M. Blank & Maria J. Hanratty, 1993. "Responding to Need: A Comparison of Social Safety Nets in Canada and the United States," NBER Chapters,in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 191-232 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Lars Osberg, 2000. "Poverty in Canada and the United States: measurement, trends, and implications," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 847-877, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pene Kalulumia & Denis Bolduc, 2004. "Generalized Mixed Estimation Of A Multinomial Discretecontinuous Choice Model For Electricity Demand," Cahiers de recherche 04-01, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    2. Sami Bibi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2010. "A Comparison Of The Poverty Impact Of Transfers, Taxes And Market Income Across Five Oecd Countries," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(4), pages 387-406, October.
    3. Mathieu Audet & Paul Makdissi, 2009. "Assessing the impact of historical changes in social protection on poverty in Canada," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(5), pages 523-526.
    4. Petr Hanel, 2003. "Impact Of Government Support Programs On Innovation By Canadian Manufacturing Firms," Cahiers de recherche 04-02, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.

    More about this item


    Pauvreté; Transferts publics; Valeur de Shapley; Canada; États-Unis;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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