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Welfare Maximizing Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules

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  • Robert Kollmann

Abstract

This paper studies the welfare effects of monetary and fiscal policy rules, in a dynamic general equilibrium model with sticky prices. The model features capital accumulation and endogenous labor effort, and exogenous productivity shocks. Government purchases are valued positively by the private sector. These purchases are financed using a proportional income tax. The government issues nominal one-period bonds. Monetary policy is described by an interest rate rule; fiscal policy is described by rules according to which the income tax rate and government purchases are set as functions of GDP. Sims' (2000) quadratic approximation method is used to solve the model, and to compute household welfare. The paper determines the response coefficients of the policy rules that maximize household welfare. Optimized monetary policy has a strong anti-inflation stance; optimized fiscal policy implies that the income tax rate is countercyclical, and that government purchases are procyclical; this result does not hinge on the degree of price stickiness.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Kollmann, 2004. "Welfare Maximizing Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 102, Society for Computational Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf4:102
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    Cited by:

    1. Luigi MARATTIN & Simone SALOTTI, "undated". "The Response of Private Consumption to Different Public Spending Categories:VAR Evidence from UK," EcoMod2010 259600111, EcoMod.
    2. Faia, Ester, 2008. "Optimal monetary policy rules with labor market frictions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 1600-1621, May.
    3. Andrew Blake & Tatiana Kirsanova, 2004. "Non-cooperative Monetary and Fiscal Policy: The Value of Leadership," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2004 84, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    4. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2007. "Optimal simple and implementable monetary and fiscal rules," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 1702-1725, September.
    5. Marattin, Luigi & Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo, 2013. "Distortionary tax instruments and implementable monetary policy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 219-243.
    6. Sylvain Leduc & Keith Sill, 2007. "Monetary Policy, Oil Shocks, and TFP: Accounting for the Decline in U.S. Volatility," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 10(4), pages 595-614, October.
    7. Faia, Ester & Monacelli, Tommaso, 2005. "Optimal Monetary Policy Rules, Asset Prices and Credit Frictions," CEPR Discussion Papers 4880, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Faia, Ester & Monacelli, Tommaso, 2007. "Optimal interest rate rules, asset prices, and credit frictions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(10), pages 3228-3254, October.
    9. Matthew B. Canzoneri & Robert E. Cumby & Behzad T. Diba, 2006. "How Do Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interact in the European Monetary Union?," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2004, pages 241-326, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Stepahnie Schmitt-Grohé & Martín Uribe, 2007. "Optimal Inflation Stabilization in a Medium-Scale Macroeconomic Model," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Frederic S. Miskin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting, edition 1, volume 11, chapter 5, pages 125-186, Central Bank of Chile.
    11. Ignazio Angeloni, 2009. "A Tale of Two Policies: Prudential Regulation and Monetary Policy with Fragile Banks," Working Papers 345, Bruegel.
    12. Faia, Ester, 2009. "Ramsey monetary policy with labor market frictions," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 570-581, May.
    13. Marzo, Massimiliano & Strid, Ingvar & Zagaglia, Paolo, 2006. "Optimal Opportunistic Monetary Policy in a New-Keynesian Model," Research Papers in Economics 2006:8, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    14. Ester Faia & Lorenza Rossi, 2013. "Union Power, Collective Bargaining, And Optimal Monetary Policy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 51(1), pages 408-427, January.
    15. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé & Martín Uribe, 2006. "Optimal Simple and Implementable Monetary and Fiscal Rules: Expanded Version," NBER Working Papers 12402, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2004. "Optimal Operational Monetary Policy in the Christiano-Eichenbaum-Evans Model of the US Business Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 4654, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    17. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2005. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in a Medium-Scale Macroeconomic Model: Expanded Version," NBER Working Papers 11417, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Zuzana Mucka & Michal Horvath, 2015. "Fiscal Policy Matters A New DSGE Model for Slovakia," Discussion Papers Discussion Paper No. 1/20, Council for Budget Responsibility.
    19. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé & Martín Uribe, 2004. "The Research Agenda: Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé and Martín Uribe on Policy Evaluation in Macroeconomics," EconomicDynamics Newsletter, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(1), November.
    20. Gianluca Benigno & Bianca De Paoli, 2010. "On the International Dimension of Fiscal Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(8), pages 1523-1542, December.
    21. Paolo Zagaglia, 2007. "Operational Fiscal and Monetary Policy with Staggered Wage and Price Dynamics," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 121-138, Autumn.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Fiscal policy; Welfare;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H6 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt

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