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Baja Movilidad Social en Bolivia: Causas y Consecuencias para el Desarrollo

Author

Listed:
  • Andersen, Lykke Eg

    (IISEC, Universidad Católica Boliviana)

Abstract

El presente documento investiga la movilidad social en Bolivia y discute sus implicancias para la reducción de la pobreza y el crecimiento económico de largo plazo. Regresiones en base a información de encuestas de hogares muestran que la movilidad social es muy baja en Bolivia, inclusive con respecto a estándares latinoamericanos. Esto se debe principalmente a un sistema inadecuado de educación pública, un alto grado de apareamiento selectivo y una insuficiente migración rural-urbana. Como consecuencia de ello, la pobreza tiende a ser bastante persistente en el tiempo. Más aún, una baja movilidad social implica un uso ineficiente del talento innato e incentivos pobres para el trabajo y el estudio, lo que impide que la economía Boliviana alcance su tasa de crecimiento potencial. El documento proporciona varias recomendaciones de política para incrementar la movilidad social y, por lo tanto, reducir la pobreza e incrementar el crecimiento de largo plazo.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersen, Lykke Eg, 2002. "Baja Movilidad Social en Bolivia: Causas y Consecuencias para el Desarrollo," Documentos de trabajo 2/2002, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:iisecd:2002_002
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    Cited by:

    1. Lina Marcela Moyano & Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "¿Oportunidades para el futuro?: la movilidad social de los adolescentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 012382, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    2. Barja Daza, Gover & Monterrey Arce, Javier & Villarroel Böhrt, Sergio, 2006. "Bolivia: Impact of shocks and poverty policy on household welfare," Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana, issue 6, pages 63-123, Abril.
    3. Blacutt O. , Jorge Alejandro & Vásquez C., Wilnelia K., 2005. "La Decisión de Entrar a la Universidad Caso de Estudio: La Paz-Bolivia," Documentos de trabajo 5/2005, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Movilidad Social; Crecimiento Económico; Política Pública; Bolivia;

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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