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Are Government-Linked Corporations Crowding out Private Investment in Malaysia?


  • Menon , Jayant

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Ng, Thiam Hee

    (Asian Development Bank)


Private investment in Malaysia has been sluggish since the Asian financial crisis. One explanation is that the growing presence of government-linked corporations (GLCs) has been crowding out private investment. For the first time, we provide empirical evidence on the relationship between GLC presence and private investment. We find that when GLCs are dominant in an industry, investment by private firms is significantly negatively impacted. Conversely, when GLCs do not dominate an industry, the impact on private investment is not seen. To revive private investment in Malaysia, government must not only redress its growing fiscal deficit, but also expedite its program of divestment.

Suggested Citation

  • Menon , Jayant & Ng, Thiam Hee, 2013. "Are Government-Linked Corporations Crowding out Private Investment in Malaysia?," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 345, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0345

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. R. Glenn Hubbard, 1998. "Capital-Market Imperfections and Investment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(1), pages 193-225, March.
    2. Ann E. Harrison & Margaret S. McMillan, 2001. "Does Direct Foreign Investment Affect Domestic Firms' Credit Constraints?," NBER Working Papers 8438, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lim, Kian-Ping & Hooy, Chee-Wooi & Chang, Kwok-Boon & Brooks, Robert, 2016. "Foreign investors and stock price efficiency: Thresholds, underlying channels and investor heterogeneity," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 1-28.
    2. Cassey LEE & Yoshifumi FUKUNAGA, 2013. "Competition Policy Challenges of Single Market and Production Base," Working Papers DP-2013-17, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    3. Guanie Lim, 2014. "The Internationalisation of Mainland Chinese Firms into Malaysia: From Obligated Embeddedness to Active Embeddedness," Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 33(2), pages 59-90.

    More about this item


    Malaysia; private investment; government-linked corporations; crowding-out effect;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East


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