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Nokia’s Labor Inflows and Outflows in Finland: Observations from 1989 to 2010


  • Pajarinen, Mika
  • Rouvinen, Petri


Nokia’s ascent, dominance, and descent have resulted in significant labor inflows and outflows in Finland. In this paper, we document the aspects of these flows using official register-based data covering virtually all individuals and organizations in Finland. Our setup may be compared to a laboratory experiment on the impacts of a single company on a country. During the 1990s, a large share of Nokia recruits were recent college graduates. Most of these recent graduates assumed various specialist and managerial positions at Nokia. During the 2000s, Nokia has been a good source of highly skilled labor for other businesses in Finland. More recently, an increasing share of former Nokia employees has been engaged with startups. Additionally, the proportion of former Nokia employees who have migrated to public sector jobs has grown.

Suggested Citation

  • Pajarinen, Mika & Rouvinen, Petri, 2013. "Nokia’s Labor Inflows and Outflows in Finland: Observations from 1989 to 2010," ETLA Reports 10, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:rif:report:10

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    Nokia; Finland; ICT; labor flows; employer-employee data;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • M51 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Firm Employment Decisions; Promotions

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