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The role of business subsidies in job-creation start-ups, gazelles and imcumbents


  • Koski, Heli
  • Pajarinen, Mika


Our data concerning the whole Finnish company population from the years 2003-2008 suggest that the impacts of business subsidies on employment growth differ more between high-growth start-ups and other firms than between start-ups and over five years old incumbents. All subsidies seem to relate positively to the contemporary employment growth both among start-ups and incumbents. Furthermore, our data show that both the employment of start-ups and older incumbents receiving employment or other subsidies grow more than that of non-subsidized firms after subsidy reception. Instead, we find that business subsidies do not provide significant further boost for the contemporary or after-subsidy growth of gazelles. There are apparently some other factors dominating the growth of young high-growth firms making them to grow strongly, in many cases, with or without subsidies.

Suggested Citation

  • Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2011. "The role of business subsidies in job-creation start-ups, gazelles and imcumbents," Discussion Papers 1246, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:rif:dpaper:1246

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bas Klaauw & António Dias da Silva, 2011. "Wage dynamics and promotions inside and between firms," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(4), pages 1513-1548, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Koski, Heli & Pajarinen, Mika, 2013. "Subsidies, Shadow of Death and Productivity," ETLA Working Papers 16, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

    More about this item


    public subsidies; technology policy; growth; Finland;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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