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Propuesta metodológica para la focalización individual de los programas sociales

Author

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  • Valderrama, Jose

    () (Universidad de Lima, Escuela de Economía)

  • Pichihua, Juan

    () (Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Facultad de Economía)

Abstract

Se propone una metodología de identificación individual de potenciales beneficiarios de programas sociales. Esta herramienta comprende dos etapas: en la primera se determina un índice de bienestar y en la segunda los puntos de corte que permiten distinguir a los hogares que califican como potenciales beneficiarios. La estimación del índice se basa en una práctica extendida en la literatura especializada: análisis de los componentes principales con escalamiento óptimo. El cálculo de los umbrales es lo novedoso de este trabajo, y se basa en la minimización de una función que depende de los errores de focalización a los que se enfrenta cualquier programa social: infiltración y subcobertura.

Suggested Citation

  • Valderrama, Jose & Pichihua, Juan, 2010. "Propuesta metodológica para la focalización individual de los programas sociales," Working Papers 2010-006, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2010-006
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    1. Forrest Young, 1981. "Quantitative analysis of qualitative data," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 357-388, December.
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