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External Debt and Liabilities of Industrial Countries

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  • Mark Rider

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

Abstract

This paper attempts to overcome the lack of comparable data on the external indebtedness of the industrial countries by constructing consistent time series of data on external debt and the overall international investment position of these countries. As well as classifying external assets and liabilities by type of instrument (debt and equity), this paper presents them by function (direct and portfolio investment) and by sector (official and non-official). Australia is shown to be one of nine industrial countries with net external debt in the range of 30 to 60 per cent of GDP. Within this group, Australia is currently positioned in the lower half.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark Rider, 1994. "External Debt and Liabilities of Industrial Countries," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp9405, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  • Handle: RePEc:rba:rbardp:rdp9405
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    File URL: https://www.rba.gov.au/publications/rdp/1994/pdf/rdp9405.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Lane, Philip R. & Milesi-Ferretti, Gian Maria, 2001. "The external wealth of nations: measures of foreign assets and liabilities for industrial and developing countries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 263-294, December.
    2. César A. Calderón, 2004. "Real exchange rates in the long and short run: a panel co-integration approach," Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines, vol. 19(2), pages 41-83, December.
    3. Bulir, Ales & Smidkova, Katerina, 2005. "Exchange rates in the new EU accession countries: What have we learned from the forerunners?," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 163-186, June.
    4. Cumberworth, Matthew & Milbourne, Ross, 1996. "External Debt and Liabilities: Evidence from a Cross Section of Countries," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 72(218), pages 201-213, September.
    5. Aart Kraay & Norman Loayza & Luis Servén & Jaume Ventura, 2005. "Country Portfolios," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(4), pages 914-945, June.
    6. Kateřina Šmídková & Aleš Bulíř, 2004. "Would Fast Sailing towards the Euro Be Smooth? What Fundamental Real Exchange Rates Tells Us about Acceding Economies," Working Papers IES 64, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2004.
    7. Alfredo Pistelli & Jorge Selaive & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2008. "Stocks, Flows, and Valuation Effects of Foreign Assets and Liabilities: Do They Matter?," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Kevin Cowan & Sebastián Edwards & Rodrigo O. Valdés & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt- (ed.), Current Account and External Financing, edition 1, volume 12, chapter 7, pages 237-277 Central Bank of Chile.
    8. Yeh, Kuo-chun & Ho, Tai-kuang, 2012. "Magnitude and volatility of Taiwan's net foreign assets against Mainland China: 1981–2009," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 720-728.

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