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A Stochastic Frontier Analysis of Secondary Education Output in Portugal


  • Manuel Coutinho Pereira
  • Sara Moreira


This paper contributes to the discussion about the performance and efficiency of Portuguese secondary schools, using the stochastic production frontier analysis. We discuss the impact of school variables and the environment on output (measured by the average national examination scores), as determinants of the shape of technology and degree of efficiency. We find, in particular, that teacher seniority, school size and private management have a positive impact on output. The area where the school is located also plays an important role. Further, results show that schools differ considerably in their efficiency levels, and we also address the use of the stochastic frontier methodology in order to improve the computation of school rankings.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuel Coutinho Pereira & Sara Moreira, 2007. "A Stochastic Frontier Analysis of Secondary Education Output in Portugal," Working Papers w200706, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w200706

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    Cited by:

    1. Santos, Eleonora & Khan, Shahed, 2018. "Is There an Economic Bias in Academic Success? A Regional Perspective," EconStor Preprints 183220, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    2. Hosu, Sunday & Sibanda, Melusi & Mushunje, Abbyssinia, 2013. "Scenario simulation of small farms’ production efficiencies in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa," 2013 Fourth International Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia 161461, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
    3. Donath, Liliana & Milos, Marius, 2008. "Public sector efficiency according to COFOG classification in the European Union," MPRA Paper 12927, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Johannes G. Hoogeveen & Mariacristina Rossi & Dario Sansone, 2014. "Drivers of performance in primary education in Togo," CeRP Working Papers 145, Center for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies, Turin (Italy).
    5. Tanja Kirjavainen, 2012. "Efficiency of Finnish general upper secondary schools: an application of stochastic frontier analysis with panel data," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(4), pages 343-364, April.
    6. Donath, Liliana & Milos, Marius Cristian & Milos, Laura Raisa, 2008. "Public investment and economic growth in the European Union member states," MPRA Paper 12954, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Marta Martínez Matute, 2014. "The duration of the PhD at Spain from a stochastic frontier perspective: Is it really a trick-or-treat issue?," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 9, in: Adela García Aracil & Isabel Neira Gómez (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 9, edition 1, volume 9, chapter 29, pages 545-565, Asociación de Economía de la Educación.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education


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