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Non-Timber Forest Products Dependence, Property Rights And Local Level Institutions: Empirical Evidence From Ethiopia

Author

Listed:
  • Abebe Damte

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Steven F. Koch

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

Abstract

This study examines the role of local level institutions and property right regimes on the forest-poverty link, with respect to non-wood forest products, using data from a random sample of rural households in Ethiopia. Households in the sample derive approximately 8.7% of their income from these products. The determinants of forest dependency were examined separately for different types of forest property right regimes. The findings suggest that forestry management devolution enhances resource use by the poor, while reducing dependency among the rich. Our estimation results, which are consistent across the different measures of forest dependency, also suggest that local level institutions are not significant factors in determining the use of non-wood forest products, a result that differs from the analysis of timber and other woody materials. From the study results, we conclude that generalizations of the forest-poverty link are not possible, as the link depends on the type of forest management and the specific characteristics that prevail in the area.

Suggested Citation

  • Abebe Damte & Steven F. Koch, 2011. "Non-Timber Forest Products Dependence, Property Rights And Local Level Institutions: Empirical Evidence From Ethiopia," Working Papers 201111, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201111
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    Keywords

    Property rights; forest dependency; local institutions; Ethiopia;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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