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Property Rights, Institutions and Source of Fuel Wood in Rural Ethiopia

Author

Listed:
  • Abebe Damte

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Steven F. Koch

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between property rights, defined by land tenure security, the strength of local-level institutions, and household demand for fuel wood, as measured by the source from which fuel wood is collected. A multinomial regression model is applied to survey data collected in rural Ethiopia. Results from the discrete choice model indicate that active local-level institutions reduce the dependency on community forests, but, otherwise, increase household dependency on open access forests. However, property rights do not increase demand for fuel wood collected from private forests. The results suggest that there is a need to bring more open access forests under the management of the community and increase the quality of community forestry management in order to realize improvements in forest conservation.

Suggested Citation

  • Abebe Damte & Steven F. Koch, 2011. "Property Rights, Institutions and Source of Fuel Wood in Rural Ethiopia," Working Papers 201110, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201110
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jumbe, Charles B.L. & Angelsen, Arild, 2006. "Household's Choice of Fuelwood Source in Malawi: A Multinomial Probit Analysis," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25450, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Edmonds, Eric V., 2002. "Government-initiated community resource management and local resource extraction from Nepal's forests," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 89-115, June.
    3. Deininger, Klaus & Ali, Daniel Ayalew & Holden, Stein & Zevenbergen, Jaap, 2008. "Rural Land Certification in Ethiopia: Process, Initial Impact, and Implications for Other African Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 1786-1812, October.
    4. Rasmus Heltberg & Thomas Channing Arndt & Nagothu Udaya Sekhar, 2000. "Fuelwood Consumption and Forest Degradation: A Household Model for Domestic Energy Substitution in Rural India," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 76(2), pages 213-232.
    5. Stein T. Holden & Klaus Deininger & Hosaena Ghebru, 2007. "Impacts of Low-Cost Land Certification on Investment and Productivity," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 91(2), pages 359-373.
    6. Alemu Mekonnen, 2009. "Tenure Security, Resource Endowments, and Tree Growing: Evidence from the Amhara Region of Ethiopia," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 85(2), pages 292-307.
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    Cited by:

    1. Beyene, Abebe D. & Koch, Steven F., 2013. "Property rights, institutions and choice of fuelwood source in rural Ethiopia," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 30-38.
    2. Amare, Dagninet & Mekuria, Wolde & Wondie, Menale & Teketay, Demel & Eshete, Abeje & Darr, Dietrich, 2017. "Wood Extraction Among the Households of Zege Peninsula, Northern Ethiopia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 177-184.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Property rights; institutions; fuel wood rural; Ethiopia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry

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