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Exchange Rate Puzzles: A Review of the Recent Theoretical and Empirical Developments


  • Thabo Mokoena

    () (South African Reserve Bank, Pretoria)

  • Rangan Gupta

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Renee van Eyden

    () (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)


This paper presents a comprehensive literature review of the theoretical and empirical developments that have taken place over the last two decades in an attempt to address the exchange rate puzzles. Specifically, we discuss non-linear and Bayesian econometric techniques, Dynamic General Equilibrium models, and the Market Microstructure approach that has been designed to address three exchange rate puzzles, namely, the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) puzzle, the exchange rate disconnect puzzle and the exchange rate determination puzzle. We conclude that the exchange rate puzzles are likely to be less puzzling, if researchers decide to move to non-linear econometric frameworks and microfounded general equilibrium models.

Suggested Citation

  • Thabo Mokoena & Rangan Gupta & Renee van Eyden, 2008. "Exchange Rate Puzzles: A Review of the Recent Theoretical and Empirical Developments," Working Papers 200827, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:200827

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    More about this item


    Dynamic General Equilibrium Models; Exchange Rate Puzzles; Non-Linear and Bayesian Econometric Models;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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