Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Growth? Panel Data and Time Series Evidence from Less Developed Countries, 1970-2002
The present study casts some doubt on the growth-promoting effect of foreign direct investment (FDI), which is widely supported by the proponents of financial globalization. The panel data analysis of 51 less developed countries shows a rising relationship between growth and FDI (relative to gross capital formation) only for the group of 11 relatively rich and open-economy countries. The time-series analysis observes meaningful positive relationships between FDI and growth only for 3 countries belonging to this group and some other countries. But by and large no long-term positive relationship exists between the two irrespective of income levels, openness and FDI-dependence.
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