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The Changing World of Work and No-Work


  • Mukherjee, Dipa


Inadequate utilisation of available manpower is a perennial problem in India, with Open Unemployment (OU) being a major evil. Two other issues that have often been sidelined are Lack of Regular employment (Underemployment or Semi-Open Unemployment SOU), and Lack of Adequate Returns from jobs (incidence of poverty among more or less regular workers or Non-Employment NE). The present paper explores both National and Regional aspects of these issues, their trends and patterns, and also their various correlates. Four NSSO Surveys (1983-84, 1987-88, 1993-94, 1999-2000) are considered. This enables us to consider movements during 1993-99 as Post-Reform trends. The results indicate increased casualisation and polarisation of workforce in the post-reforms era. These are also closely associated with socio-economic inequality and decline in living standards. Policies like growth impetus, flexible technology, infrastructural expansion and public expenditure programme will go a long way in solving these problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Mukherjee, Dipa, 2003. "The Changing World of Work and No-Work," MPRA Paper 4865, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:4865

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    Cited by:

    1. Mukherjee, Dipa, 2005. "Changing Role of Women: A Study of Small Manufacturing Enterprises in India," MPRA Paper 4873, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2006.
    2. Mukherjee, Dipa, 2005. "State Intervention and Labour Market in India: Issues and Options," MPRA Paper 4874, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Employment; Labour; Poverty; Disguised Unemployment; Non-employment;

    JEL classification:

    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand


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