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Economic Ideas of Rifa`ah al-Tahtawi


  • Islahi, Abdul Azim


The present paper studies economic ideas of an Azharite graduate of the nineteenth century Egypt - Rifā‘ah Rāfi‘ al-Tahtāwī who was influenced by the French Scholars and Philosophers, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Mantesquieu. He wrote on significance of industry, productive and unproductive labor, importance of foreign trade, competition, and equal opportunity for all. According to him justice, freedom and human brotherhood are the foundations of economic welfare. He strived for women's economic empowerment. He was not simply a follower of Western economic ideas. He added to them human norms and Islamic values. Although born in an age of laissez faire, he advocated for a role of Government in economic matters.

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  • Islahi, Abdul Azim, 2012. "Economic Ideas of Rifa`ah al-Tahtawi," MPRA Paper 41009, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:41009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rupa Chanda, 2008. "Trade in Health Services," Working Papers id:1758, eSocialSciences.
    2. J. Outreville, 2007. "Foreign direct investment in the health care sector and most-favoured locations in developing countries," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 8(4), pages 305-312, December.
    3. Smith, Richard D, 2004. "Foreign direct investment and trade in health services: A review of the literature," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 59(11), pages 2313-2323, December.
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    More about this item


    Western Banking and Riba; Nineteenth Century Muslim Economic Thinking; History of Islamic Economic Thought;

    JEL classification:

    • B31 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - Individuals
    • H80 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - General
    • B00 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - General - - - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches

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