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Polish special economic zones as an instrument of regional and industrial policy


  • Smętkowski, Maciej


The paper undertakes a detailed examination of the special economic zone programme in Poland in the field of regional and industrial policy. The programme was implemented in 1995-1997 and nowadays in Poland operate 14 special economic zones established in the purpose of acceleration economic development in chosen regions. The main method for attracting capital and technology is the preferential tax policy (long term income tax exemptions) for specific domains of economic activity. The research allowed to evaluate results of zones activity especially related to the regional development and industrial restructurisation process. There are clear evidence of both positive (development of modern industry branches) and negative effects (economic activity substitution) of special economic zone programme in Poland. Attention then turns to the Polish integration with the European Union in the field of competitiveness policy, where several problems related to special economic zones had occurred.

Suggested Citation

  • Smętkowski, Maciej, 2002. "Polish special economic zones as an instrument of regional and industrial policy," MPRA Paper 39184, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39184

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barry M. Rubin & Craig M. Richards, 1992. "A Transatlantic Comparison of Enterprise Zone Impacts: The British and American Experience," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 6(4), pages 431-443, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Piotr Ciżkowicz & Magda Ciżkowicz-Pękała & Piotr Pękała & Andrzej Rzońca, 2015. "The effects of special economic zones on employment and investment: spatial panel modelling perspective," NBP Working Papers 208, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.
    2. Anna Wisniewski, 2005. "he impact of Foreign Direct Investment on regional development in Poland," IWE Working Papers 162, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

    More about this item


    Polish Special Economic Zones; Regional Policy; Industrial Policy; Instrument for regional development;

    JEL classification:

    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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