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Stages of socio-economic development: Shah Wali-Allah's concept of al-irtifaqat


  • aislahi, Abdul Azim


The present paper introduces Shah Wali-Allah Dehlawi’s concept of the stages of socio-economic developments (al-irtifaqat). According to him, starting from simple primitive village life to an international community, the socio-economic development of human society can be divided into four stages. The first stage is dominated by simple economic struggle while the last stage is developed to maintain just political order on international level, to safeguard the socio-economic interests of different states and establish peace and justice among them. All economic ideas of Shah Wali-Allah are related, in some way or the other, to his concept of irtifaqat or stages of socio economic development.

Suggested Citation

  • aislahi, Abdul Azim, 1989. "Stages of socio-economic development: Shah Wali-Allah's concept of al-irtifaqat," MPRA Paper 29628, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 1990.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29628

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Islahi, Abdul Azim, 1982. "Economic thought of Ibn al-Qayyim (1292–1350)," MPRA Paper 41369, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 1984.
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    More about this item


    ‘Stages of History’ approach to development; Theory of Socio-Economic development; Dehlawi’s Theory of Development; al-irtifaqat; Four stages of Humankind Development.;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • B31 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - Individuals
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • B00 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - General - - - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches


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