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Ausgabenanalysen für Deutschland und Niedersachsen – Berechnungsergebnisse auf Basis der Einkommens‐ und Verbrauchsstichprobe 2003
[Analysis of expenditures for Germany and Lower Saxony - Empirical results on the Basis of the Income and Expenditure Survey 2003]


  • Fachinger, Uwe
  • Faik, Jürgen


The study focuses on the usage of income in Germany as well as in Lower Saxony. Concretely, the material situation of the German and the Lower Saxonian persons in the household context and their willingness for expenditures are stated. As database the scientific use file of the Income and Expenditure Survey (Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe, EVS) 2003 is used. In detail, calculations especially concerning the item “living” are made. Furthermore, income and price elasticities are computed in order to find out (with respect to the elasticity of demand behavior) whether there are remarkable differences between Germany as a whole and Lower Saxony. In the empirical part of the study we found commonalities but also some differences between both regional units. Examples for differences are the higher proportions of ownership, higher average and marginal consumption rates, and lower “minimum expenditures” in Lower Saxony than in Germany as a whole. These results are coherent with the higher demand elasticities in Lower Saxony compared to Germany as a whole. Such divergencies were also revealed in the following socio-demographic differentiations: age of the household’s head, age of all household members, sex of the household’s head, nationality of the household’s head, household type, and household size, although they have been statistically not significant frequently.

Suggested Citation

  • Fachinger, Uwe & Faik, Jürgen, 2010. "Ausgabenanalysen für Deutschland und Niedersachsen – Berechnungsergebnisse auf Basis der Einkommens‐ und Verbrauchsstichprobe 2003
    [Analysis of expenditures for Germany and Lower Saxony - Empirical
    ," MPRA Paper 23269, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23269

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Merz, Joachim & Hanglberger, Dominik & Rucha, Rafael, 2009. "The Timing of Daily Demand for Goods and Services – Multivariate Probit Estimates and Microsimulation Results for an Aged Population with German Time Use Diary Data," MPRA Paper 16303, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Bögenhold, Dieter & Fachinger, Uwe, 2000. "The social embeddedness of consumption - towards the relationship of income and expenditures over time in Germany," Working papers of the ZeS 06/2000, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS).
    3. Merz, Joachim & Faik, Jürgen, 1994. "Equivalence Scales Based on Revealed Preference Consumption Expenditure Microdata - The Case of West Germany," MPRA Paper 16297, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    expenditures; income; private household; Engel curve; ELES;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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