IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper


Listed author(s):
  • Chris Manning


Indonesian labour markets have undergone a major transformation over the past 30 years, especially on Java since liberalisation gathered pace in the mid 1980s. The paper focuses on regional dimensions of these changes. In contrast to emerging interregional disparities in some other countries, it finds that employment structure has changed markedly and real wages risen in most Outer Island provinces since 1987. While wage growth has been more rapid in Java-Bali, labour in the Outer Island provinces has enjoyed large gains from rapid economic growth during the deregulation period. Among Outer Island provinces, Northern Sumatra and the poorer Eastern Island provinces have experienced substantial growth, while the Kalimantan provinces have lagged in manufacturing employment and wages. Labour market outcomes have also been less favourable in land abundant provinces which received large numbers of assisted migrants during the earlier oil boom period. It is concluded that export-led industrialisation concentrated in Java-Bali has contributed to labour market transformation and income growth outside Java-Bali. In addition, improvements in wages and the shift of labour outside agriculture have been supported by continuing government support for infrastructure and human resource development in the Outer Island provinces.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 1996-12.

in new window

Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 1996
Handle: RePEc:pas:papers:1996-12
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Crawford Building, Lennox Crossing, Building #132, Canberra ACT 2601

Phone: +61 2 6125 4705
Fax: +61 2 6125 5448
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Jian, Tianlun & Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Warner, Andrew M., 1996. "Trends in regional inequality in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-21.
  2. Hill, Hal, 1983. "Choice of Technique in the Indonesian Weaving Industry," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(2), pages 337-353, January.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pas:papers:1996-12. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sandra Zec)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.