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The evaluation of the Italian “Start-up Act”


  • Carlo Menon
  • Timothy DeStefano
  • Francesco Manaresi
  • Giovanni Soggia
  • Pietro Santoleri


The report provides an independent and comprehensive evaluation of the economic and social impact of the Italian policy framework for innovative start-ups, also known as the “Start-up Act”, first introduced by the Decree-law 179 in 2012. The policy aims at creating a more favourable environment for small innovative start-ups through a number of complementary instruments, including “fast-track” and zero cost incorporation, simplified insolvency procedures, tax incentives for equity investments, and a public guarantee scheme for bank credit. While the report focuses only on Italy, the “Start-up Act” can be seen as a very useful “laboratory” to inform policies for innovative entrepreneurship across OECD member countries. The evaluation highlights that the impact of the policy on beneficiary firms has been positive overall, but that complementary policy actions in other areas are required in order to further realise the full potential of Italian innovative start-ups.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlo Menon & Timothy DeStefano & Francesco Manaresi & Giovanni Soggia & Pietro Santoleri, 2018. "The evaluation of the Italian “Start-up Act”," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers 54, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaac:54-en
    DOI: 10.1787/02ab0eb7-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Pietro Santoleri, 2020. "Innovation and job creation in (high-growth) new firms," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press and the Associazione ICC, vol. 29(3), pages 731-756.
    2. Mellace, Giovanni & Ventura, Marco, 2019. "Intended and unintended effects of public incentives for innovation. Quasi-experimental evidence from Italy," Discussion Papers on Economics 9/2019, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Economics.
    3. Francesco Manaresi & Carlo Menon & Pietro Santoleri, 2021. "Supporting innovative entrepreneurship: an evaluation of the Italian “Start-up Act” [The effects of entry on incumbent innovation and productivity]," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press and the Associazione ICC, vol. 30(6), pages 1591-1614.
    4. Stefan Schneck, 2020. "Times are a Changin’? The Emergence of New Firms and Rank Reshuffling," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 20(1), pages 1-33, March.

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