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A portrait of innovative start-ups across countries


  • Stefano Breschi
  • Julie Lassébie
  • Carlo Menon



The report presents new cross-country descriptive evidence on innovative start-ups and related venture capital investments drawing upon Crunchbase, a new dataset that is unprecedented in terms of scope and comprehensiveness. The analysis employs a mix of different statistical techniques (descriptive graphics, econometric analysis, and machine learning) to highlight a number of findings. First, there are significant cross-country differences in the professional and educational background of start-ups’ founders, notably the share of founders with previous academic experience and in the share of “serial entrepreneurs”. Conversely, the founders’ average age is rather constant across countries, but shows a fair degree of variability across sectors. Second, IP assets, and in particular the presence of an inventor in the team of founders, are strongly associated with start-ups’ success. Finally, female founders are less likely to receive funding, receive lower amounts when they do receive financing, and have a lower probability of successful exit, when other factors are controlled for.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefano Breschi & Julie Lassébie & Carlo Menon, 2018. "A portrait of innovative start-ups across countries," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2018/2, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2018/2-en
    DOI: 10.1787/f9ff02f4-en

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    Cited by:

    1. J. Klinger & J. Mateos-Garcia & K. Stathoulopoulos, 2018. "Deep learning, deep change? Mapping the development of the Artificial Intelligence General Purpose Technology," Papers 1808.06355,
    2. Deniz Tunçalp & Nihan Yıldırım, 2022. "Sustainable Entrepreneurship: Mapping the Business Landscape for the Last 20 Years," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-21, March.
    3. Lauto, Giancarlo & Salvador, Elisa & Visintin, Francesca, 2022. "For what they are, not for what they bring: The signaling value of gender for financial resource acquisition in academic spin-offs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(7).
    4. Joel Klinger & Juan Mateos-Garcia & Konstantinos Stathoulopoulos, 2021. "Deep learning, deep change? Mapping the evolution and geography of a general purpose technology," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 126(7), pages 5589-5621, July.
    5. S. R. Khalimova & A. T. Yusupova, 2020. "Influence of Regional Conditions on the Development of High-Tech Companies in Russia," Regional Research of Russia, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 308-317, July.
    6. Chie Hoon Song, 2021. "Exploring and Predicting the Knowledge Development in the Field of Energy Storage: Evidence from the Emerging Startup Landscape," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(18), pages 1-20, September.

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