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Taxation, SMEs and Entrepreneurship

  • Duanjie Chen
  • Frank C. Lee
  • Jack M. Mintz

This paper discusses the implications of tax policy for the growth of entrepreneurship and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Some existing features of OECD tax systems are biased against entrepreneurs and small firms. For instance, double taxation of distributed corporate profits can discourage incorporation of small firms while it can also favour debt over equity financing, the latter most required by SMEs. Conversely, a number of OECD countries have features in their tax systems that favour selfemployed individuals and SMEs to encourage growth. These include lower corporate income tax rates, exemptions from value-added taxes and investment tax credits. It is, however, not clear that the benefits of preferential tax treatment of self-employed individuals and SMEs outweigh the costs of moving away from tax neutrality. There are a number of areas where OECD governments can improve the tax climate for small firms and entrepreneurs. They can reduce progressivity in personal ... Fiscalité, PME et entreprenariat Le présent document traite des effets de la politique fiscale sur l’entreprenariat et les PME. Les systèmes fiscaux en vigueur dans les pays Membres de l'OCDE présentent parfois des aspects qui pénalisent les entrepreneurs et les petites entreprises. A titre d’exemple, la double imposition des bénéfices distributes peut dissuader les petites entreprises de se constituer en sociétés anonymes, ou peut favoriser l’endettement au détriment du financement par augmentation des fonds propres, ce dont ont le plus besoin les PME. A l’inverse, un certain nombre de pays Membres de l'OCDE ont mis en place, pour stimuler la croissance, des mesures fiscales en faveur des travailleurs indépendants et des PME : baisse des taux de l’impôt sur les sociétés, exonération de la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée et crédit d’impôt pour les investissements, par exemple. Il n’est pas évident toutefois que les avantages de ce traitement fiscal préférentiel à l’intention des travailleurs indépendants et des PME ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2002/9.

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Date of creation: 09 Aug 2002
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Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2002/9-en
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