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Foreign Direct Investment and International Trade: Complements or Substitutes?

  • Lionel Fontagné

The relationships between trade and foreign investment (FDI) are at the core of globalisation. Analytical work has recently been developed by OECD in order to explore the nature of these links in quantitative terms. This report combines the previous more technical work developed over the last three years. This empirical work revealed the complexity of these links but, at the same time, showed the main and positive influence of foreign direct investment on international trade particularly after the mid– 1980s. Empirical results show that foreign direct investment abroad stimulates the growth of exports from countries of origin and consequently this investment is complementary to trade ... L'investissement étranger direct et le commerce international : Sont-ils complementaires ou substituables ? Les liens entre les échanges et les investissements étrangers directs sont au coeur du processus de mondialisation. Des travaux analytiques ont été développés récemment par l’OCDE pour explorer la nature de ces liens sur le plan quantitatif. Le présent rapport fait une synthèse des précédents travaux à caractère plus technique qui étaient développés au cours des trois dernières années. Ces travaux empiriques ont révélé la complexité de ces liens, mais ont également démontré l’influence majeure et positive qu’exerce l’investissement direct sur les échanges, particulièrement après le milieu des années 80. Les données ont montré que les investissements directs à l’étranger stimulent l’accroissement des exportations des pays d’origine et sont par conséquent complémentaires aux échanges ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 1999/3.

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Date of creation: 14 Oct 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1999/3-en
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