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Agglomeration economies in Great Britain

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  • Cem Özgüzel

Abstract

This paper estimates agglomeration economies in Great Britain. The analysis employs a definition of urban areas as functional economic units developed by the OECD in collaboration with the European Union to investigate the size and sources of productivity disparities across urban areas. It uses data from the UK Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings and the UK Labour Force Survey between 2000 and 2018 and a two-step estimation procedure that accounts for bias in the extent of agglomeration economies arising from individual sorting. The results suggest that a 10% increase in employment density of a city in Great Britain, would, on average, increase city productivity by 0.9-1 percent. The analysis also shows the estimated elasticity for employment density remains the same before and after the 2007–08 global financial crisis, not showing any clear structural break between city size and productivity relationship.

Suggested Citation

  • Cem Özgüzel, 2020. "Agglomeration economies in Great Britain," OECD Regional Development Working Papers 2020/04, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:govaab:2020/04-en
    DOI: 10.1787/3aa63b9a-en
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1787/3aa63b9a-en
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Great Britain; local labour markets; spatial wage disparities;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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