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Main Features of the Public Employment Service in the Czech Republic

  • Daniela Kalužná
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    in 1991 when the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic commenced transition to a market economy. Labour offices, in addition to providing placement and related services, manage jobseeker retraining and subsidies for job creation, administer unemployment insurance benefits, and provide guidance for the employment of foreign labour in the Czech Republic and for Czech nationals working abroad. They monitor and enforce compliance of employers with employment legislation: in 2005 some responsibilities were transferred to the newly-created National Labour Inspectorate but labour offices remain responsible in the areas of undeclared work and the conclusion of employment contracts. In 2004 the administration of state social support benefits (i.e. mainly child allowances, parental allowances and housing benefits, some but not all of them being means-tested) was, except in Prague, transferred from municipalities to the local labour offices. The Employment Service Administration at national level is part of the organisational structure of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. At local level, it manages the 77 district labour offices: 14 of these, so-called “authorized” labour offices, act as an intermediary between the Ministry and the other district labour offices in their region. The 77 labour offices operate 167 detached workplaces (some of which only serve as first contact points for state social support benefits) and 8 branch offices in Prague. Le Service public tchèque de l’emploi (SPE) a été créé en 1991, plus ou moins sous sa forme actuelle, lorsque les Républiques fédérales slovaque et tchèque ont entamé leur transition vers l’économie de marché. Les bureaux de l’emploi, outre qu’ils assurent des services de placement et les services apparentés, gèrent la reconversion des demandeurs d’emploi et les subventions à la création d’emplois, administrent les prestations d’assurance chômage, et dispensent des conseils concernant l’emploi de main-d’oeuvre étrangère dans la République tchèque et conseillent les ressortissants tchèques partant travailler à l’étranger. Ces bureaux suivent la législation du travail et s’assurent que les employeurs la respectent : en 2005, certaines de leurs attributions ont été transférées au nouveau Service national d’inspection du travail mais le travail clandestin et l’établissement des contrats de travail demeurent de leur responsabilité. En 2004, l’administration du soutien social de l’État (c’est-à-dire principalement les allocations pour enfant à charge, les allocations parentales et les allocations logement, dont certaines sont soumises à des conditions de ressources) a été transférée des municipalités aux bureaux de l’emploi locaux, sauf à Prague.

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 74.

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    Date of creation: 09 Dec 2008
    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:74-en
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