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Trend in International Migration Flows and Stocks,1975-2005

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  • B. Lindsay Lowell
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    This paper discusses broad trends in the rates and levels of international migration over the past three decades, the places that migrants leave from and the destinations they choose; and some of the demographic and policy implications of these trends. It raises some features of international mobility trends over the past three decades that are, superficially, somewhat contradictory: stable rates of emigration but growing numbers of emigrants; and an apparent dynamism in the flow but a stable concentration of migrants going to more developed nations. On the one hand, these facts can be somewhat simply resolved by reference to the demographic divide between the less and more developed world. On the other hand, these facts hold implications for the past and future impacts of admission policies on international mobility. Ce document examine l’évolution générale des taux et des niveaux de migrations internationales au cours des trois dernières décennies, les points de départ des migrants et les destinations qu’ils choisissent, ainsi que quelques conséquences de cette évolution sur le plan de la démographie et des politiques. Il met en évidence certains aspects des tendances en matière de mobilité internationale observées ces trente dernières années qui, à première vue, paraissent assez contradictoires : stabilité des taux d’émigration mais augmentation du nombre d’émigrants, dynamisme apparent des flux mais stabilité de la concentration des migrants partant pour les pays avancés. D’un côté, on peut résoudre assez aisément cette énigme en rappelant la fracture démographique qui sépare les pays avancés du reste du monde mais, d’un autre côté, cette réalité a des implications s’agissant de l’impact passé et à venir des politiques d’admission sur la mobilité internationale.

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 58.

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    Date of creation: 27 Sep 2007
    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:58-en
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