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La politique migratoire française à un tournant

Author

Listed:
  • Martine Durand

    (OCDE)

  • Georges Lemaître

    (OCDE)

Abstract

La politique migratoire française se trouve à un tournant. Face à l’émergence d’un marché du travail mondial pour les personnes hautement qualifiées et de pénuries de main d’oeuvre dans certains secteurs de l’économie, la France doit s’orienter vers une plus grande diversification de ses flux migratoires, à la fois quant aux catégories d’entrées, aux régions d’origine et au type de migration, tout en continuant de lutter contre l’immigration irrégulière et l’emploi illégal d’étrangers. Cela demandera un savant dosage entre des entrées de migrants sélectionnés et non sélectionnés, de migrants temporaires et permanents et de migrants hautement et faiblement qualifiés et, d’une façon plus générale, entre ouverture et contrôle. Pour réussir, la France devra coopérer activement et efficacement à la fois avec ses partenaires européens et les pays d’origine. Mais si la France veut rester une terre d’accueil, elle devra aussi impérativement mieux intégrer les immigrés et leurs enfants. French migration policy is at a crossroads. In the face of an emerging global labour market for highly qualified persons and of labour shortages in certain economic sectors, France must aim for a greater diversification of its migration flows, with respect to entry categories, regions of origin and type of migration, at the same time as it continues to combat irregular migration and the illegal employment of foreign nationals. This will require getting the right mix of selected and non-selected migrants, of temporary and permanent migrants, of high-skilled and low-skilled, and more generally of openness and control. To succeed, France must co-operate actively and effectively with both its European partners and countries of origin. But if France is to remain a land of welcome, it must also necessarily better integrate immigrants and their offspring.

Suggested Citation

  • Martine Durand & Georges Lemaître, 2007. "La politique migratoire française à un tournant," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 56, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:56-fr
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/111040348221
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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