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An Analysis of the U.S. Distribution System


  • Roger R. Betancourt


This paper forms part of an OECD project which addressed the issue of the structure and change in the distribution systems of seven OECD countries.The paper begins with a conceptual framework describing the functions, market outcomes and economic implications of the distribution sector. Next, it gives an overview of the U.S. distribution system in the 1980s. In particular, it discusses some specific characteristics underlying the functioning of the U.S. distribution system. Finally, it assesses the efficiency question and its implications for foreign trade. Some policy recommendations are then drawn on that basis ... Ce document fait partie d'un projet de l'OCDE qui avait pour objet l'analyse de la structure et des changements dans les systèmes de distribution dans sept pays de l'OCDE.Tout d'abord, cette étude propose un modèle conceptuel des fonctions, caractéristiques de marché et implications pour l'économie du secteur de la distribution. Ensuite, elle donne une vue d'ensemble du système de distribution dans les États-Unis dans les années quatre-vingts. En particulier, elle analyse les facteurs spécifiques qui déterminent le fonctionnement du secteur de la distribution aux U.S.A. En dernier lieu, elle fournit un évaluation de l'efficacité économique et sa portée sur le commerce extérieur ce qui permet de tirer quelques recommandations de politique économique ...

Suggested Citation

  • Roger R. Betancourt, 1993. "An Analysis of the U.S. Distribution System," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 135, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:135-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Hooper & Elizabeth Vranlovich, 1995. "International comparisons of the levels of unit labor costs in manufacturing," International Finance Discussion Papers 527, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Burstein, Ariel T. & Neves, Joao C. & Rebelo, Sergio, 2003. "Distribution costs and real exchange rate dynamics during exchange-rate-based stabilizations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(6), pages 1189-1214, September.
    3. Richard Henry & Karl Voltaire, 1995. "Food marketing in transition in eastern and central Europe," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(3), pages 273-280.
    4. Boon Lee, 2002. "Output and Productivity Comparisons of the Wholesale and Retail Trade Sector: US and Australia, 1991 to 1999," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 125, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
    5. repec:bin:bpeajo:v:24:y:1993:i:1993-2m:p:71-159 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Philip Lowe, 1995. "Labour-productivity Growth and Relative Wages: 1978-1994," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp9505, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    7. James H. Anderson, 2002. "The Distribution Sector and the Development Process: are there Patterns? Yes," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 40(2), pages 166-176, April.
    8. Philip Lowe, 1995. "Labour-Productivity Growth and Relative Wages: 1978-1994," RBA Annual Conference Volume,in: Palle Andersen & Jacqueline Dwyer & David Gruen (ed.), Productivity and Growth Reserve Bank of Australia.
    9. Roger Betancourt & David Gautschi, 1996. "An international comparison of the determinants of retail gross margins," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 23(2), pages 173-189, June.

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