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The Impact of Migration Policies on Rural Household Welfare in Mexico and Nicaragua

  • J. Edward Taylor
  • Mateusz Filipski

This working paper presents findings from an effort to evaluate the impacts of immigration policies on the welfare of migrants and their families in migrant-sending countries. It uses a disaggregated micro economy-wide modelling approach, designed to capture both the potentially positive and negative effects of migration and remittances in migrant-sending areas and the complex processes shaping these impacts. The model is used to explore the possible effects of destination-country immigration policies on rural welfare in Mexico and Nicaragua (US policies in the first case and US and Costa Rican policies in the second). The findings highlight the sensitivity of sending-country welfare to immigration policies, not only in the households that send migrants and receive remittances but other households with which they interact within the migrant-sending economy. Impacts vary between the two countries and across households, and they also depend upon the gender and skills of migrants. The paper concludes by discussing the importance of both destination and source country policies in shaping the impacts of international migration on rural welfare. Ce document de travail tente d’évaluer l’impact des politiques d’immigration sur le bien-être des migrants et de leurs familles dans les pays de départ. Il s’appuie sur un modèle micro-économique désagrégé, conçu pour rendre compte à la fois des effets négatifs et positifs de la migration et des transferts de fonds dans les régions de départ, et des procédés complexes qui déterminent ces effets. Ce modèle permet d’étudier les effets potentiels des politiques migratoires des pays de destination sur le bien-être en zone rurale au Mexique et au Nicaragua (les politiques américaines dans le premier cas, et les politiques américaines et costaricaines dans le second). Les conclusions soulignent la sensibilité du bien-être dans les pays d’origine aux politiques d’immigration, non seulement dans les ménages de migrants qui reçoivent des transferts mais aussi dans les autres ménages qui interagissent au sein de l’économie du pays d’origine. Les impacts diffèrent selon les pays et entre ménages. Ils dépendent aussi du sexe et du niveau de qualification des migrants. Ce document discute enfin le poids des politiques des pays de destination et d’origine en matière d’impact des migrations internationales sur le bien-être en zone rurale.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 298.

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Date of creation: May 2011
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:298-en
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